Rakhi |The Festival of Siblings

The festival of Rakhi


Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi Festival celebrating the love of Brother and Sister

Celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters is the Hindu festival of Rakshabandhan. On a full moon day at the end of the hindi month of Shravana, According to Gregorian calendar, this auspicious day corresponds to the month of July-August. The date of the festival is not fixed. Each year the festival is observed on different dates. 

Sisters tie thread amulets on their brothers’ wrists, praying for their longevity and happiness. Brothers, in turn are bound by the delicate threads to cherish and safeguard their sisters. The fragile threads symbolise a deep abiding relationship — loving, tender, devoted, protective and indulgent.

Significance of Raksha Bandhan

The basic significance of Raksha Bandhan is to strengthen the bond of love between the siblings. In addition to that Raksha Bandhan also signifies a peaceful co-existence of every individual.

Rakhi celebrations


Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi is celebrated with great fervour all over India and the celebrations remain same with little variation here and there that includes tying Rakhi on brother’s wrists, exchanging gifts and gorging on delicious sweets like gulab jamun, rasgulla, barfi, and chocolates.

On the auspicious day of Raksha Bandhan sisters get up early, have a bath and then pray to Lord Ganesha and then perform the aarti of brothers, put tilak and rice on their forehead and tie a Rakhi on his wrist. Following which sweets are exchanged and there is happiness all around. The celebrations continue throughout the day with families reuniting and doing fun activities together.

Siblings who are living away from each other send their wishes through phone or email and Rakhi is sent through the Rakhi cards.

The legend and History of Raksha Bandhan ::

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There are various legends surrounding the festivities of Raksha Bandhan and it also finds a mention in the Mahabharata. Some of the prominent one is the legend of Queen Karnavati and Emperor Humayun.

According to the Indian medieval history, Queen Karnavati of the Rajput Kingdom, Chittor had sent a Rakhi to Humayun the Mughal Emperor of Delhi, Emperor Humayun learned about the significance of Rakhi then accepted her request to protect Queen Karnavati.

 Since then the ritual of tying of a sacred thread Rakhi on the wrist of brothers is celebrated with much fervour all over the country.

The legend of King Bali and Goddess Laxmi is a popular one 

Another legend is of Yama (the God of death) and Yamuna. It is believed that on every Shravan Poornima day Yamuna used to tie a sacred thread on Yama’s wrist. Yama was so moved by the serenity of this custom that he declared that whosoever gets a Rakhi tied on his wrist from his sister and promised her protection will become his responsibility.

HHistorical origin of Rakhi festival ::

The traditional Hindu festival ‘Raksha Bandhan’ (knot of protection) was came into origin about 6000 years back when Aryans created first civilization – The Indus Valley Civilization. With many languages and cultures, the traditional method to Rakhi festival celebration differs from place to place across India. Following are some historical evidences of Raksha Bandhan celebration from the Indian history.

↪Rani Karnawati and Emperor Humayun

The story of Rani Karnavati and Emperor Humayun is the most significant evidence in the history. During the medieval era, Rajputs were fighting Muslim invasions. Rakhi at that time meant a spiritual binding and protection of sisters was foremost. When Rani Karnawati the widowed queen of the king of Chittor realised that she could in no way defend the invasion of the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, she sent a rakhi to Emperor Humayun. The Emperor touched by the gesture started off with his troops without wasting any time.

↪Alexander The Great and King Puru

The oldest reference to the festival of rakhi goes back to 300 B.C. at the time when Alexander invaded India. It is said that the great conqueror, King Alexander of Macedonia was shaken by the fury of the Indian king Puru in his first attempt. Upset by this, Alexander’s wife, who had heard of the Rakhi festival, approached King Puru. King Puru accepted her as his sister and when the opportunity came during the war, he refrained from Alexander.

↪Lord Krishna and Draupathi

In order to protect the good people, Lord Krishna killed the evil King Shishupal. Krishna was hurt during the war and left with bleeding finger. Seeing this, Draupathi had torn a strip of cloth from her sari and tied around his wrist to stop the bleeding. Lord Krishna, realizing her affections and concern about him, declared himself bounded by her sisterly love. He promised her to repay this debt whenever she need in future. Many years later, when the pandavas lost Draupathi in the game of dice and Kauravas were removing her saari, Krishna helped her divinely elongating the saari so that they could not remove it.

↪King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi

The demon king Mahabali was a great devotee of lord Vishnu. Because of his immense devotion, Vishnu has taken the task of protecting bali’s Kingdom leaving his normal place in Vikundam. Goddess lakshmi – the wife of lord Vishnu – has became sad because of this as she wanted lord Vishnu along with her. So she went to Bali and discussed as a Brahmin woman and taken refuge in his palace. On Shravana purnima, she tied Rakhi on King Bali’s wrist. Goddess Lakshmi revealed who she is and why she is there. The king was touched by Her and Lord Vishnu’s good will and affection towards him and his family, Bali requested Lord Vishnu to accompany her to vaikuntam. Due to this festival is also called Baleva as Bali Raja’s devotion to the Lord vishnu.

It is said that since that day it has become a tradition to invite sisters on sravan pournima to tie sacred thread of Rakhi or Raksha bandan.



The WordPress.com Dashboard Gets a Beautiful Makeover Each day, you blog, you create, and you make things with your WordPress.com site. Meanwhile, behind the scenes, the code that runs WordPress.com gets updated dozens of times a day

English: The logo of the blogging software Wor...

English: The logo of the blogging software WordPress.

The WordPress.com Dashboard Gets a Beautiful Makeover

Each day, you blog, you create, and you make things with your WordPress.com site. Meanwhile, behind the scenes, the code that runs WordPress.com gets updated dozens of times a day, as we deploy improvements. While you can’t see the vast majority of those changes, there is one improvement we can’t wait for you to see: a brand-new, redesigned WordPress.com dashboard featuring better contrast and the oh-so-lovelyOpen Sans typeface.

The dashboard's new design features Open Sans -- the free, open source typeface by Steve Matteson offers a pleasing reading experience.

Back in April, I shared our goals for the WordPress.com dashboard redesign:

  • It should have a simple, uncluttered design; free of excessive decoration and focused on your content.
  • It should use webfonts for beautiful, legible typography that’s consistent in every browser.
  • It should have a responsive design that’s tailored to desktop computers, tablets, and smartphones.
  • It should do all this while retaining the familiar, user-tested dashboard interface that millions of users already understand.

We’ve redrawn all the icons, we’ve opened up spacing, we’ve moved to Open Sans as our default typeface, and we’ve increased contrast to make the dashboard as beautiful on the inside as your blog is on the outside:

Beautiful new icons and stronger contrast are two elements of the dashboard's redesign.

Beautiful new icons and stronger contrast are two elements of the dashboard’s redesign.

Opt in to responsive goodness

We’re also hard at work on a responsive design, so you can view and work in your WordPress.com dashboard on your smartphone or tablet. It will be available for everyone later this year, but you can preview it today. To enable the responsive dashboard, go to Profile and click the checkbox next to: Enable experimental responsive design (MP6). If you’ve previously opted in to our design preview, you’ll have this enabled by default.

The responsive dashboard is tailored for smartphones and tablets.

The responsive dashboard is tailored for smartphones and tablets.

We hope the redesign makes creating things with WordPress even more enjoyable.

Special thanks to the early adopters who took the new dashboard design for a spin and took the time to share their feedback — your thoughts and ideas were a big help as we iterated on the design and fixed bugs.

via The WordPress.com Dashboard Gets a Beautiful Makeover.


Widget Visibility and You

Since the dawn of time, humankind has yearned for control. While we can’t give you more control over most of your life, we can give you more control over your widgets. And today, with the new widget visibility tool, you can configure your widgets to be shown or hidden only on certain pages.

Widgets are a way to add new content (like your Twitter stream, a tag cloud, or a link to your blog archives) in the sidebar, header, or footer of your site. To see the widgets you have available to you, log in to your WordPress.com dashboard and click on Appearance » Widgets. To add a widget, simply click on it and drag it up and over to the right of the widget screen, into the Default Sidebar, Header Area, or Footer Area section of your site. Then, to control visibility, expand the widget and click the Visibility button next to the Save button.

For example, if you wanted the Archives widget to only appear on category archives and error pages, choose “Show” from the first dropdown and then add two rules: “Page is 404 Error Page” and “Category is All Category Pages.”

You can also hide widgets based on the current page. For example, if you don’t want the Archives widget to appear on search results pages, choose “Hide” and “Page is Search results.”

Visibility is controlled by five aspects: page type, category, tag, date, and author, but each visibility rule is handled separately, so there isn’t a way, for example, to only display a widget on posts that are categorized as “Summer” and also tagged with “Picnic.”

The visibility panel is available today in every widget for every user on WordPress.com; visitAppearance » Widgets in your blog’s dashboard to take control. Or, to learn more about using widgets on your blog, check out our recent Introduction to Widgets series: Widgets 101,Widgets 201, and Widgets 301.

by Christopher Finke

Android robot with WordPress logo

The WordPress for Android App Gets a Big Facelift

Version 2.3 of WordPress for Android: big UI update for the best Android blogging app

We’re constantly working on updates to our mobile apps to make your WordPress.com experience on the go the best it can be. Today, we’ve jubilantly released version 2.3 ofWordPress for Android to Google Play. After updating, you’ll see right away that this release includes very exciting updates to the user interface. Let’s dive in to what’s new!

Version 2.3 of WordPress for Android: the new, blue action barAction Bar

You’ll notice a fresh, new look. We’ve taken into account Android’s “Holo” style guidelines and implemented the Action Bar interface throughout the app. If you’ve used any other apps designed for Android 4.0 or higher, you’ll feel right at home with the new design. Your Action Bar provides easy access to common actions such as creating a new post, refreshing, and sharing to other apps.

We also couldn’t resist making the Action Bar in WordPress blue. ;)

Menu Drawer

Version 2.3 of WordPress for Android: menu drawer on Google Nexus 10 and Samsung Galaxy S3

The older-style dashboard interface has been replaced with a Menu Drawer for quick and easy navigation to other areas of the app from wherever you are. You’ll find all of the same actions the dashboard had, but with the addition of some nifty new ones.

To access the menu, simply tap the arrow next to the WordPress logo – in the top-left corner of the app — or swipe from the left side of the screen. If you’re on a large tablet device, the menu will always be visible, which takes advantage of the extra screen space. If you have multiple blogs in the app, you’ll see a drop-down list at the top of your Menu Drawer that you can access to quickly switch to another blog to work with, right in the app.

When you leave the app, it will remember the last selection you made in the Menu Drawer so when you return, you can pick up where you left off.

Other new features

In addition to the revamped app interface, you’ll find these new features as well:

  • View Site option. A View Site option has been added to the Menu Drawer so you can view your blogs from within the app.
  • Admin area access. You can access the wp-admin areas of your WordPress.com blogs by loading the Dashboard option in the Menu Drawer.
  • Faster loading. The WordPress.com Reader now takes advantage of caching for faster loading.
  • Updated look and feel. Settings have been converted to use the Android standard for preferences, giving them the Holo look and feel on supported devices. Many views have been updated to the Holo look and feel as well, including the post editor and all list views.
  • Improved post editor experience. The post editor now has an expandable content area, which makes it much easier to navigate around the post content when you’re editing.
  • Improved image uploading. If a post has an image but fails to upload the image, the post will be saved as a draft first — instead of published — so the image upload can be corrected.

New on WordPress for Android: Notifications

New on WordPress for Android: Notifications

Image representing Android as depicted in Crun...
Image via CrunchBase

Version 2.4 of WordPress for Android: Notifications panel on a Samsung Galaxy S3

Need to get your WordPress.com Notifications on the go?

With version 2.4 of WordPress for Androidyou’ll see all your Notifications right on your Android device.

Step away yet stay connected

wordpress infographic (Photo credit: strebel)

With the new streamlined Notifications view, you can step away from your computer but still stay connected to your readers. With just a few taps you can:

  • Read comment threads and reply.
  • Moderate new pending comments.
  • Get stats highlights.
  • See your new followers and follow them back.
  • See who liked your posts.

Don’t need so many notifications? You can turn off specific notification types (for example “Likes”) in the Settings panel. You can also mute entire blogs if it gets too noisy.

Pending notifications in the notification center

Replying to comments from the notification center

Additional improvements and bug fixes

We also added a few more nifty features in this release:

  • A new menu icon has been added that matches up with the latest ‘Holo’ design guidelines.
  • Settings and Sign out options have been added to the overflow menu for easier access.
  • New fonts added for easier readability.
  • … and many more small bug fixes and reliability improvements.

I’LL WATCH FOR IT BUT I’M NOT Holding my breath.

Download App

On a device? Tap here to download WordPress for Android directly. If you’re not on Android you’ll instead get redirected to the app for your device.

What’s Next & Calling Contributors

This update was a big one and we want to make sure to keep the momentum going. We’re currently looking at adding notifications to the app so you can keep up with what’s happening on your WordPress sites while mobile and on the go. What would you like to see added to the app?

We’ve got some great new features in the works including improvements to Media, Account Setup, and the Reader.

How do you like the new Notifications?

Visit: en.blog.wordpress

Drop a comment there to let them know!

You can send feedback on the forums at http://android.forums.wordpress.org

Don’t forget that WordPress for Android is an open source project. Want to get involved? Check out make.wordpress.org/mobile to get started.

Follow @WPAndroid on Twitter and the WordPress for Android blog for the latest updates on WordPress for Android. BY Dan

A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

en.blog.wordpress, dan,

Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012



Towards a World War III Scenario: The Dangers of Nuclear War

This book was first published in August 2010.

For further details consult Michel Chossudovsky’s book, 


The Military Road Map

The stockpiling and deployment of advanced weapons systems directed against Iran started in the immediate wake of the 2003 bombing and invasion of Iraq. From the outset, these war plans were led by the US, in liaison with NATO and Israel.

Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Bush administration identified Iran and Syria as the next stage of “the road map to war”. US military sources intimated that an aerial attack on Iran could involve a large scale deployment comparable to the US “shock and awe” bombing raids on Iraq in March 2003:

“American air strikes on Iran would vastly exceed the scope of the 1981 Israeli attack on the Osiraq nuclear center in Iraq, and would more resemble the opening days of the 2003 air campaign against Iraq.(See Globalsecurity )

“Theater Iran Near Term”

Code named by US military planners as TIRANNT, “Theater Iran Near Term”, simulations of an attack on Iran were initiated in May 2003 “when modelers and intelligence specialists pulled together the data needed for theater-level (meaning large-scale) scenario analysis for Iran.” ( (William Arkin,Washington Post, 16 April 2006).

The scenarios identified several thousand targets inside Iran as part of a “Shock and Awe” Blitzkrieg:

“The analysis, called TIRANNT, for “Theater Iran Near Term,” was coupled with a mock scenario for a Marine Corps invasion and a simulation of the Iranian missile force. U.S. and British planners conducted a Caspian Sea war game around the same time. And Bush directed the U.S. Strategic Command to draw up a global strike war plan for an attack against Iranian weapons of mass destruction. All of this will ultimately feed into a new war plan for “major combat operations” against Iran that military sources confirm now [April 2006] exists in draft form.

… Under TIRANNT, Army and U.S. Central Command planners have been examining both near-term and out-year scenarios for war with Iran, including all aspects of a major combat operation, from mobilization and deployment of forces through postwar stability operations after regime change.” (William Arkin, Washington Post, 16 April 2006)

Different “theater scenarios” for an all out attack on Iran had been contemplated:  “The US army, navy, air force and marines have all prepared battle plans and spent four years building bases and training for “Operation Iranian Freedom”. Admiral Fallon, the new head of US Central Command, has inherited computerized plans under the name TIRANNT (Theatre Iran Near Term).” (New Statesman, February 19, 2007)

In 2004, drawing upon the initial war scenarios under TIRANNT,  Vice President Dick Cheney instructed USSTRATCOM to draw up a “contingency plan” of a large scale military operation directed against Iran “to be employed in response to another 9/11-type terrorist attack on the United States” on the presumption that the government in Tehran would be behind the terrorist plot. The plan included the pre-emptive use of nuclear weapons against a non-nuclear state:

“The plan includes a large-scale air assault on Iran employing both conventional and tactical nuclear weapons. Within Iran there are more than 450 major strategic targets, including numerous suspected nuclear-weapons-program development sites. Many of the targets are hardened or are deep underground and could not be taken out by conventional weapons, hence the nuclear option. As in the case of Iraq, the response is not conditional on Iran actually being involved in the act of terrorism directed against the United States. Several senior Air Force officers involved in the planning are reportedly appalled at the implications of what they are doing—that Iran is being set up for an unprovoked nuclear attack—but no one is prepared to damage his career by posing any objections.” (Philip Giraldi, Deep Background,The American Conservative August 2005)

The Military Road Map: “First Iraq, then Iran”

The decision to target Iran under TIRANNT was part of the broader process of military planning and sequencing of military operations. Already under the Clinton administration, US Central Command (USCENTCOM) had formulated  “in war theater plans” to invade first Iraq and then Iran. Access to Middle East oil was the stated strategic objective:

“The broad national security interests and objectives expressed in the President’s National Security Strategy (NSS) and the Chairman’s National Military Strategy (NMS) form the foundation of the United States Central Command’s theater strategy. The NSS directs implementation of a strategy of dual containment of the rogue states of Iraq and Iran as long as those states pose a threat to U.S. interests, to other states in the region, and to their own citizens. Dual containment is designed to maintain the balance of power in the region without depending on either Iraq or Iran. USCENTCOM’s theater strategy is interest-based and threat-focused. The purpose of U.S. engagement, as espoused in the NSS, is to protect the United States’ vital interest in the region – uninterrupted, secure U.S./Allied access to Gulf oil.” (USCENTCOM,http://www.milnet.com/milnet/pentagon/centcom/chap1/stratgic.htm#USPolicy, link no longer active, archived at http://tinyurl.com/37gafu9)

The war on Iran was viewed as part of a succession of military operations.  According to (former) NATO Commander General Wesley Clark, the Pentagon’s military road-map consisted of a sequence of countries: “[The] Five-year campaign plan [includes]… a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan.”  In “Winning Modern Wars” (page 130) General Clark states the following:

“As I went back through the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan. (See Secret 2001 Pentagon Plan to Attack Lebanon, Global Research, July 23, 2006)

The Role of Israel

There has been much debate regarding the role of Israel in initiating an attack against Iran.

Israel is part of a military alliance. Tel Aviv is not a prime mover. It does not have a separate and distinct military agenda.

Israel is integrated into the “war plan for major combat operations” against Iran formulated in 2006 by US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). In the context of large scale military operations, an uncoordinated unilateral military action by one coalition partner, namely Israel, is from a military and strategic point almost an impossibility. Israel is a de facto member of NATO. Any action by Israel would require a “green light” from Washington.

An attack by Israel could, however, be used as “the trigger mechanism” which would unleash an all out war against Iran, as well retaliation by Iran directed against Israel.

In this regard, there are indications that Washington might envisage the option of an initial (US backed) attack by Israel  rather than an outright US-led military operation directed against Iran. The Israeli attack –although led in close liaison with the Pentagon and NATO– would be presented to public opinion as a unilateral decision by Tel Aviv. It would then be used by Washington to justify, in the eyes of World opinion, a military intervention of the US and NATO with a view to “defending Israel”, rather than attacking Iran. Under existing military cooperation agreements, both the US and NATO would be “obligated” to “defend Israel” against Iran and Syria.

It is worth noting, in this regard, that at the outset of Bush’s second term, (former) Vice President Dick Cheney hinted, in no uncertain terms, that Iran was “right at the top of the list” of the “rogue enemies” of America, and that Israel would, so to speak, “be doing the bombing for us”, without US military involvement and without us putting pressure on them “to do it” (See Michel Chossudovsky,Planned US-Israeli Attack on Iran, Global Research, May 1, 2005): According to Cheney:

“One of the concerns people have is that Israel might do it without being asked… Given the fact that Iran has a stated policy that their objective is the destruction of Israel, the Israelis might well decide to act first, and let the rest of the world worry about cleaning up the diplomatic mess afterwards,” (Dick Cheney, quoted from an MSNBC Interview, January 2005)

Commenting the Vice President’s assertion, former National Security adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski in an interview on PBS, confirmed with some apprehension, yes: Cheney wants Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to act on America’s behalf and “do it” for us:

“Iran I think is more ambiguous. And there the issue is certainly not tyranny; it’s nuclear weapons. And the vice president today in a kind of a strange parallel statement to this declaration of freedom hinted that the Israelis may do it and in fact used language which sounds like a justification or even an encouragement for the Israelis to do it.”

What we are dealing with is a joint US-NATO-Israel  military operation to bomb Iran, which has been in the active planning stage since 2004. Officials in the Defense Department, under Bush and Obama, have been working assiduously with their Israeli military and intelligence counterparts, carefully identifying targets inside Iran. In practical military terms, any action by Israel would have to be planned and coordinated at the highest levels of the US led coalition.

An attack by Israel would also require coordinated US-NATO logistical support, particularly with regard to Israel’s air defense system, which since January 2009 is fully integrated into that of the US and NATO. (See Michel Chossudovsky,  Unusually Large U.S. Weapons Shipment to Israel: Are the US and Israel Planning a Broader Middle East War?  Global Research, January 11,2009)

Israel’s X band radar system established in early 2009 with US technical support has “integrate[d] Israel’s missile defenses with the U.S. global missile [Space-based] detection network, WWIII Scenariowhich includes satellites, Aegis ships on the Mediterranean, Persian Gulf and Red Sea, and land-based Patriot radars and interceptors.” (Defense Talk.com, January 6, 2009,)

What this means is that Washington ultimately calls the shots. The US rather than Israel controls the air defense system: ”’This is and will remain a U.S. radar system,’ Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell said. ‘So this is not something we are giving or selling to the Israelis and it is something that will likely require U.S. personnel on-site to operate.’” (Quoted in Israel National News, January 9, 2009).

The US military oversees Israel’s Air Defense system, which is integrated into the Pentagon’s global system. In other words, Israel cannot launch a war against Iran without Washington’s consent. Hence the importance of the so-called “Green Light” legislation in the US Congress sponsored by the Republican party under House Resolution 1553, which explicitly supports an Israeli attakc on Iran:

“The measure, introduced by Texas Republican Louie Gohmert and 46 of his colleagues, endorses Israel’s use of “all means necessary” against Iran “including the use of military force.” … “We’ve got to get this done. We need to show our support for Israel. We need to quit playing games with this critical ally in such a difficult area.”’ (See Webster Tarpley, Fidel Castro Warns of Imminent Nuclear War; Admiral Mullen Threatens Iran; US-Israel Vs. Iran-Hezbollah Confrontation Builds On, Global Research, August 10, 2010)

In practice, the proposed legislation is a “Green Light” to the White House and the Pentagon rather than to Israel. It constitutes a rubber stamp to a US sponsored war on Iran which uses Israel as a convenient military launch pad. It also serves as a justification to wage war with a view to defending Israel.

In this context, Israel could indeed provide the pretext to wage war, in response to alleged Hamas or Hezbollah attacks and/or the triggering of hostilities on the border of Israel with Lebanon. What is crucial to understand is that a minor ”incident” could be used as a pretext to spark off a major military operation against Iran.

Known to US military planners, Israel (rather than the USA) would be the first target of military retaliation by Iran. Broadly speaking, Israelis would be the victims of the machinations of both Washington and their own government. It is, in this regard, absolutely crucial that Israelis forcefully oppose any action by the Netanyahu government to attack Iran.

Global Warfare: The Role of US Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM)

Global military operations are coordinated out of US Strategic Command Headquarters (USSTRATCOM) at the Offutt Air Force base in Nebraska, in liaison with the regional commands of the unified combatant commands (e.g.. US Central Command  in Florida, which is responsible for the Middle East-Central Asian region, See map below)  as well as coalition command units in Israel, Turkey, the Persian Gulf and the Diego Garcia military base in the Indian Ocean.  Military planning and decision making at a country level by individual allies of US-NATO as well as “partner nations” is integrated into a global military design including the weaponization of space.

Under its new mandate, USSTRATCOM has a responsibility for “overseeing a global strike plan” consisting of both conventional and nuclear weapons. In military jargon, it is slated to play the role of “a global integrator charged with the missions of Space Operations; Information Operations; Integrated Missile Defense; Global Command & Control; Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance; Global Strike; and Strategic Deterrence…. ”

USSTRATCOM’s responsibilities include: “leading, planning, & executing strategic deterrence operations” at a global level, “synchronizing global missile defense plans and operations”, “synchronizing regional combat plans”, etc. USSTRATCOM is the lead agency in the coordination of modern warfare.

In January 2005, at the outset of the military deployment and build-up directed against Iran, USSTRATCOM was identified as “the lead Combatant Command for integration and synchronization of DoD-wide efforts in combating weapons of mass destruction.” (Michel Chossudovsky, Nuclear War against Iran, Global Research, January 3, 2006).

What this means is that the coordination of a large scale attack on Iran, including the various scenarios of escalation in and beyond the broader Middle East Central Asian region would be coordinated by USSTRATCOM.

Map: US Central Command’s Area of Jurisdiction

Tactical Nuclear Weapons directed against Iran

Confirmed by military documents as well as official statements, both the US and Israel contemplate the use of nuclear weapons directed against Iran. In 2006, U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) announced it had achieved an operational capability for rapidly striking targets around the globe using nuclear or conventional weapons. This announcement was made after the conduct of military simulations pertaining to a US led nuclear attack against a fictional country. (David Ruppe, Preemptive Nuclear War in a State of Readiness: U.S. Command Declares Global Strike Capability, Global Security Newswire, December 2, 2005)

Continuity in relation to the Bush-Cheney era:  President Obama has largely endorsed the doctrine of pre-emptive use of nuclear weapons formulated by the previous administration. Under the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review, the Obama administration confirmed  “that it is reserving the right to use nuclear weapons against Iran” for its non-compliance with US demands regarding its alleged (nonexistent) nuclear weapons program. (U.S. Nuclear Option on Iran Linked to Israeli Attack Threat – IPS ipsnews.net, April 23, 2010). The Obama administration has also intimated that it would use nukes in the case of an Iranian response to an Israeli attack on Iran. (Ibid). Israel  has also drawn up its own “secret plans” to bomb Iran with tactical nuclear weapons:

“Israeli military commanders believe conventional strikes may no longer be enough to annihilate increasingly well-defended enrichment facilities. Several have been built beneath at least 70ft of concrete and rock. However, the nuclear-tipped bunker-busters would be used only if a conventional attack was ruled out and if the United States declined to intervene, senior sources said.”(Revealed: Israel plans nuclear strike on Iran – Times Online, January 7, 2007)

Obama’s statements on the use of nuclear weapons against Iran and North Korea are consistent with post 9/11 US nuclear weapons doctrine, which allows for the use of tactical nuclear weapons in the conventional war theater.

Through a propaganda campaign which has enlisted the support of “authoritative” nuclear scientists, mini-nukes are upheld as an instrument of peace, namely a means to combating “Islamic terrorism” and instating Western style “democracy” in Iran. The low-yield nukes have been cleared for “battlefield use”. They are slated to be used against Iran and Syria in the next stage of America’s “war on Terrorism” alongside conventional weapons.

“Administration officials argue that low-yield nuclear weapons are needed as a credible deterrent against rogue states. [Iran, Syria, North Korea] Their logic is that existing nuclear weapons are too destructive to be used except in a full-scale nuclear war. Potential enemies realize this, thus they do not consider the threat of nuclear retaliation to be credible. However, low-yield nuclear weapons are less destructive, thus might conceivably be used. That would make them more effective as a deterrent.” (Opponents Surprised By Elimination of Nuke Research Funds Defense News November 29, 2004)

The preferred nuclear weapon to be used against Iran are tactical nuclear weapons (Made in America), namely bunker buster bombs with nuclear warheads (e.g. B61.11), with an explosive capacity between one third to six times a Hiroshima bomb. The B61-11 is the “nuclear version” of the “conventional”  BLU 113. or Guided Bomb Unit GBU-28. It can be delivered in much same way as the conventional bunker buster bomb. (See Michel Chossudovsky,http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO112C.html, see alsohttp://www.thebulletin.org/article_nn.php?art_ofn=jf03norris) . While the US does not contemplate the use of strategic thermonuclear weapons against Iran, Israel’s nuclear arsenal is largely composed of thermonuclear bombs which are deployed and could be used in a war with Iran. Under Israel’s Jericho‐III missile system with a range between 4,800 km to 6,500 km, all Iran would be within reach.

Conventional bunker buster Guided Bomb Unit GBU-27

B61 bunker buster bomb

Radiactive Fallout

The issue of radioactive fallout and contamination, while casually dismissed  by US-NATO military analysts, would be devastating, potentially affecting a large area of  the broader Middle East (including Israel) and Central Asian region.

In an utterly twisted logic, nuclear weapons are presented as a means to building peace and preventing “collateral damage”.  Iran’s nonexistent nuclear weapons are a threat to global security, whereas those of the US  and Israel are instruments of peace” harmless to the surrounding civilian population“.

“The Mother of All Bombs” (MOAB) Slated to be Used against Iran

Of military significance within the US conventional weapons arsenal is the 21,500-pound “monster weapon” nicknamed the “mother of all bombs” The GBU-43/B or Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb (MOAB) was categorized “as the most powerful non-nuclear weapon ever designed” with the the largest yield in the US conventional arsenal. The MOAB was tested in early March 2003 before being deployed to the Iraq war theater. According to US military sources, The Joint Chiefs of Staff  had advised the government of  Saddam Hussein prior to launching the 2003 that the “mother of all bombs” was to be used against Iraq. (There were unconfirmed reports that it had been used in Iraq).

The US Department of Defence has confirmed in October 2009 that it intends to use the “Mother of All Bombs” (MOAB) against Iran. The MOAB is said to be  ”ideally suited to hit deeply buried nuclear facilities such as Natanz or Qom in Iran” (Jonathan Karl, Is the U.S. Preparing to Bomb Iran? ABC News, October 9, 2009). The truth of the matter is that the MOAB, given its explosive capacity, would result in extremely large civilian casualties. It is a conventional “killing machine” with a nuclear type mushroom cloud.

The procurement of four MOABs was commissioned in October 2009 at the hefty cost of $58.4 million, ($14.6 million for each bomb). This amount  includes the costs of development and testing as well as integration of the MOAB bombs onto B-2 stealth bombers.(Ibid). This procurement is directly linked to war preparations in relation to Iran. The notification was contained in a 93-page “reprogramming memo” which included the following instructions:

“The Department has an Urgent Operational Need (UON) for the capability to strike hard and deeply buried targets in high threat environments. The MOP [Mother of All Bombs] is the weapon of choice to meet the requirements of the UON [Urgent Operational Need].” It further states that the request is endorsed by Pacific Command (which has responsibility over North Korea) and Central Command (which has responsibility over Iran).” (ABC News,  op cit, emphasis added). To consult the reprogramming request (pdf) click here

The Pentagon is planning on a process of extensive destruction of Iran’s infrastructure and mass civilian casualties through the combined use of tactical nukes and monster conventional mushroom cloud bombs, including the MOAB and the larger GBU-57A/B or Massive Ordnance Penetrator (MOP), which surpasses the MOAB in terms of explosive capacity.

The MOP is described as “a powerful new bomb aimed squarely at the underground nuclear facilities of Iran and North Korea. The gargantuan bomb—longer than 11 persons standing shoulder-to-shoulder [see image below] or more than 20 feet base to nose” (See Edwin Black, “Super Bunker-Buster Bombs Fast-Tracked for Possible Use Against Iran and North Korea Nuclear Programs”,Cutting Edge, September 21 2009)

These are WMDs in the true sense of the word. The not so hidden objective of the MOAB and MOP, including the American nickname used to casually describe the MOAB (“mother of all bombs’), is “mass destruction” and mass civilian casualties with a view to instilling fear and despair.

“Mother of All Bombs” (MOAB)

GBU-57A/B Mass Ordnance Penetrator (MOP)

MOAB: screen shots of test: explosion and mushroom cloud (right)

State of the Art Weaponry: “War Made Possible Through New Technologies”

The process of US military decision making in relation to Iran is supported by Star Wars, the militarization of outer space and the revolution in communications and information systems. Given the advances in military technology and the development of new weapons systems, an attack on Iran could be significantly different in terms of the mix of weapons systems, when compared to the March 2003 Blitzkrieg launched against Iraq. The Iran operation is slated to use the most advanced weapons systems in support of its aerial attacks. In all likelihood, new weapons systems will be tested.

The 2000 Project of the New American Century (PNAC) document entitledRebuilding American Defenses, outlined the mandate of the US military in terms of large scale theater wars, to be waged simultaneously in different regions of the World:

“Fight and decisively win multiple, simultaneous major theater wars”. 

This formulation is tantamount to a global war of conquest by a single imperial superpower. The PNAC document also called for the transformation of  U.S. forces to exploit the “revolution in military affairs”, namely the implementation of  “war made possible through new technologies”. (See Project for a New American Century, Rebuilding Americas Defenses  Washington DC, September 2000, pdf).  The latter consists in developing and perfecting a state of the art global killing machine based on an arsenal of sophisticated new weaponry, which would eventually replace the existing paradigms.

“Thus, it can be foreseen that the process of transformation will in fact be a two-stage process: first of transition, then of more thoroughgoing transformationThe breakpoint will come when a preponderance of new weapons systems begins to enter service, perhaps when, for example, unmanned aerial vehicles begin to be as numerous as manned aircraft. In this regard, the Pentagon should be very wary of making large investments in new programs – tanks, planes, aircraft carriers, for example – that would commit U.S. forces to current paradigms of warfare for many decades to come. (Ibid, emphasis added)

The war on Iran could indeed mark this crucial breakpoint, with new space-based weapons systems being applied with a view to disabling an enemy which has significant conventional military capabilities including more than half a million ground forces.

Electromagnetic Weapons

Electromagnetic weapons could be used to destabilize Iran’s communications systems, disable electric power generation, undermine and destabilize command and control, government infrastructure, transportation, energy, etc.  Within the same family of weapons, environmental modifications techniques (ENMOD) (weather warfare) developed under the HAARP programme could also be applied. (See Michel Chossudovsky, “Owning the Weather” for Military Use, Global Research, September 27, 2004). These weapons systems are fully operational. In this context, te US Air Force document AF 2025 explicitly acknowledgedthe military applications of weather modification technologies:

“Weather modification will become a part of domestic and international security and could be done unilaterally… It could have offensive and defensive applications and even be used for deterrence purposes. The ability to generate precipitation, fog, and storms on earth or to modify space weather, improve communications through ionospheric modification (the use of ionospheric mirrors), and the production of artificial weather all are a part of an integrated set of technologies which can provide substantial increase in US, or degraded capability in an adversary, to achieve global awareness, reach, and power.” (Air Force 2025 Final Report, See also US Air Force:Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025AF2025 v3c15-1 | Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning… | (Ch 1) at www.fas.org).

Electromagnetic radiation enabling “remote health impairment” might also be envisaged in the war theater. (See Mojmir Babacek, Electromagnetic and Informational Weapons:, Global Research, August 6, 2004). In turn, new uses of biological weapons by the US military might also be envisaged as suggested by the PNAC: “[A]dvanced forms of biological warfare that can “target” specific genotypes may transform biological warfare from the realm of terror to a politically useful tool.” (PNAC, op cit., p. 60).

Iran’s Military Capabilities: Medium and Long Range Missiles

Iran has advanced military capabilities, including medium and long range missiles capable of reaching targets in Israel and the Gulf States. Hence the emphasis by the US-NATO Israel alliance on the use of nuclear weapons, which are slated to be used either pr-emptively or in response to an Iranian retaliatory missile attack.

Range of Iran’s Shahab Missiles. Copyright Washington Post

In November 2006, Iran tests of surface missiles 2 were marked by precise planning in a carefully staged operation. According to a senior American missile expert (quoted by Debka),  “the Iranians demonstrated up-to-date missile-launching technology which the West had not known them to possess.” (See Michel Chossudovsky, Iran’s “Power of Deterrence”  Global Research, November 5, 2006) Israel acknowledged that “the Shehab-3, whose 2,000-km range brings Israel, the Middle East and Europe within reach” (Debka, November 5, 2006)

According to Uzi Rubin, former head of Israel’s anti-ballistic missile program, “the intensity of the military exercise was unprecedented… It was meant to make an impression — and it made an impression.” (www.cnsnews.com 3 November 2006)

The 2006 exercises, while  creating a political stir in the US and Israel, did not in any way modify US-NATO-Israeli resolve to wage on Iran.

Tehran has confirmed in several statements that it will respond if it is attacked. Israel would be the immediate object of Iranian missile attacks as confirmed by the Iranian government. The issue of Israel’s air defense system is therefore crucial. US and allied military facilities in the Gulf states, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan and Iraq could also be targeted by Iran.

Iran’s Ground Forces

While Iran is encircled by US and allied military bases, the Islamic Republic has significant military capabilities. (See maps below) What is important to acknowledge is the sheer size of Iranian forces in terms of personnel (army, navy, air force) when compared to US and NATO forces serving in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Confronted with a well organized insurgency, coalition forces are already overstretched in both Afghanistan and Iraq. Would these forces be able to cope if Iranian ground forces were to enter the existing battlefield in Iraq and Afghanistan? The potential of the Resistance movement to US and allied occupation would inevitably be affected.

Iranian ground forces are of the order of 700,000 of which 130,000 are professional soldiers, 220,000 are conscripts and 350,000 are reservists. (See  Islamic Republic of Iran Army – Wikipedia). There are 18,000 personnel in Iran’s Navy and 52,000 in the air force. According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, “the Revolutionary Guards has an estimated 125,000 personnel in five branches: Its own Navy, Air Force, and Ground Forces; and the Quds Force (Special Forces).” According to the CISS, Iran’s Basij paramilitary volunteer force controlled by the Revolutionary Guards “has an estimated 90,000 active-duty full-time uniformed members, 300,000 reservists, and a total of 11 million men that can be mobilized if need be” (Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran – Wikipedia), In other words, Iran can mobilize up to half a million regular troops and several million militia. Its Quds special forces are already operating inside Iraq.

US Military and Allied Facilties Surrounding Iran

For several years now Iran has been conducting its own war drills and exercises. While its Air force has weaknesses, its intermediate and long-range missiles are fully operational. Iran’s military is in a state of readiness. Iranian troop concentrations are currently within a few kilometers of the Iraqi and Afghan borders, and within proximity of Kuwait. The Iranian Navy is deployed in the Persian Gulf within proximity of US and allied military facilities in the United Arab Emirates.

It is worth noting that in response to Iran’s military build-up, the US has been transferring large amounts of weapons to its non-NATO allies in the Persian Gulf including Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

While Iran’s advanced weapons do not measure up to those of the US and NATO, Iranian forces would be in a position to inflict substantial losses to coalition forces in  a conventional war theater, on the ground in Iraq or Afghanistan. Iranian ground troops and tanks in December 2009 crossed the border into Iraq without being confronted or challenged by allied forces and occupied a disputed territory in the East Maysan oil field.

Even in the event of an effective Blitzkrieg, which targets Iran’s military facilities, its communications systems, etc. through massive aerial bombing, using cruise missiles, conventional bunker buster bombs and tactical nuclear weapons, a war with Iran, once initiated, could eventually lead into a ground war. This is something which US military planners have no doubt contemplated in their simulated war scenarios.

An operation of this nature would result in significant military and civilian casualties, particularly if nuclear weapons are used.

The expanded budget for the war in Afghanistan currently debated in the US Congress is also intended to be used in the eventuality of an attack on Iran.

Within a scenario of escalation, Iranian troops could cross the border into Iraq and Afghanistan.

In turn, military escalation using nuclear weapons could lead us into a World War III scenario, extending beyond the Middle East Central Asian region.

In a very real sense, this military project, which has been on the Pentagon’s drawing board for more than five years, threatens the future of humanity.

Our focus in this essay has been on war preparations. The fact that war preparations are in an advanced state of readiness does not imply that these war plans will be carried out.

The US-NATO-Israel alliance realizes that the enemy has significant capabilities to respond and retaliate. This factor in itself has been crucial over the last five years in the decision by the US and its allies to postpone an attack on Iran.

Another crucial factor is the structure of military alliances. Whereas NATO has become a formidable force, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which constitutes an alliance between Russia and China and a number of former Soviet republics has been significantly weakened.

The ongoing US military threats directed  against China and Russia are intended to weaken the SCO and discourage any form of military action on the part of Iran’s allies in the case of a US NATO Israeli attack.

What are the countervailing forces which might prevent this war from occurring? There are numerous ongoing forces at work within the US State apparatus, the US Congress, the Pentagon and NATO.

The central force in preventing a war from occurring ultimately comes from the base of society, requiring forceful antiwar action by hundred of millions of people across the land, nationally and internationally.

People must mobilize not only against this diabolical military agenda, the authority of the State and its officials must be also be challenged.

This war can be prevented if people forcefully confront their governments, pressure their elected representatives, organize at the local level in towns, villages and municipalities, spread the word, inform their fellow citizens as to the implications of a nuclear war, initiate debate and discussion within the armed forces. 

The holding of mass demonstrations and antiwar protests is not enough. What is required is the development of a broad and well organized grassroots antiwar network which challenges the structures of power and authority. 

What is required is a mass movement of people which forcefully challenges the legitimacy of war, a global people’s movement which criminalizes war.

Michel Chossudovsky is an award-winning author, Professor of Economics (Emeritus) at the University of Ottawa and Director of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), Montreal. He is the author of The Globalization of Poverty and The New World Order (2003) and America’s “War on Terrorism” (2005). He is also a contributor to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. His writings have been published in more than twenty languages. he can be reached at the globalresearch.ca website

Author’s note:
 Dear Readers, kindly forward this text far and wide to friends and family, on internet forums, within the workplace, in your neighborhood, nationally and internationally, with a view to reversing the tide of war.  Spread the Word!  

A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

the globalresearchMichel Chossudovsky

Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012


TIME 100


TIME presents its annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world, from artists and leaders to pioneers, titans and icons.

TIME is a very prestigious magazine. It features valuable events in the world and honors Inspiring Individuals who can make a difference in society and in their respective field of works.  Time enlist individuals from different kind of fields to different kind of people in their list of 100 most influential people in the world.

Ten years ago, TIME Magazine inaugurated its list of the “100 Most Influential People in the World.” In the interceding decade, the unveiling of the annual list has become an anticipated event with readers ready to gorge on glossy articles and debate the inclusion of controversial inductees. Now, the magazine posted its 10th list of influence, the “2013 Time 100.”

And popular Indian actor Aamir Khan is one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People

Aamir Khan has been named as a “pioneer” on Time magazine’s list of 100 Most Influential People of 2013.

See also-

The Richest People On The Planet-2012

THE WORLD’S Most Powerful people-2012

A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data


Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012



This graphic from Reuters shows the epicenter of the earthquake today. (Photo: Reuters)

An earthquake today in Iran was the strongest in half a century, and was felt as far away as Dubai and India.

7.8 Mag Earthquake, followed by 5.7 or 3.2 earthquakes?
And so many more, every day?
What is happening right now? Pacific? Atlantic? Gulf and all around the earth?

Is the Wake up call returns beyond 2012..!!

Magnitude 7.8
Location 28.107°N, 62.053°E
Depth 82 km (51.0 miles)

APRIL 16, 2013


Today, A major earthquake struck a region near the Iran-Pakistan border, less than a week after a quake in Iran killed at least 37 people, the Associated Press reported.The U.S. Geological Survey said the 7.8 quake struck the slightly populated region. There were no immediate reports of injuries, but the quake was felt as far away as New Delhi and Gulf cities of Dubai and Bahrain.The USGS report said Tuesday’s quake was at a depth of 15.2 kilometers (nine miles). Last week, a deadly 6.1 magnitude quake was recorded about 96 kilometers (60 miles) southeast of Bushehr, the site of Iran’s reactor.

via Major Earthquake in Dubai.

Bold red lines are plate boundaries.

Latest Earthquakes

The map and list below show the last 60 events which have been located by the IRSC in Iran and adjacent area. The waveforms of events (M 4.0 +) are available.

60 Earthquake events which have been located by the IRSC in last 48 Hrs

Recent Earthquakes – Last 30 Days [NEW]

earthquake map

Earthquakes Around the World

The earthquake toppled homes and shops on both sides of the Iran-Pakistan border Tuesday, killing dozens of people and causing skyscrapers to sway in Dubai. It also forced Iranian officials – for the second time in less than a week – to issue assurances that its main nuclear reactor wasn’t damaged.

In between the chaos, the Commentary on Iranian TV criticized international media for “exaggerating” the death toll still, the website of Tehran Geophysics Center said the quake, measured at least magnitude 7.7, lasted 40 seconds and called it the strongest in more than 50 years in one of the world’s most seismically active areas.

Iran’s nuclear chief Fereidoun Abbasi said there was no damage to the Bushehr reactor and invited U.N. inspectors to visit, the semiofficial ISNA news agency reported. Abbasi repeated the statement issued after last week’s quake: The Bushehr plan was built to withstand quakes up to magnitude 8, which is considerably stronger than Tuesday’s temblor.

The Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security also called any damage to Bushehr “unlikely” from the latest quake, which is nearly 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) from the border region.

Have an idea behind Quakes

For those who may not be too clear on how the majority of earthquakes happen, lets take a quick look at a map of the Earth. The following global map shows that the crust of the Earth is actually broken up into numerous sections called ‘plates’ … some large and others small.

Red lines are the borders of Tectonic plates

These plates are in constant contact with other neighbouring plates and exerting massive amounts of force on each other as they slip past or over each other. They average 80 kms (50 miles) in thickness and have a relative movement of just centimeters (inches) per year. Irrespective of the minute amounts of movement taking place, the interaction between these plates frequently generates enormous amounts of energy which often is released in the form of earthquakes at these interaction points.

So as can be readily seen, the entire crust of the Earth is under continuously changing stress levels as these plates move and jostle one another. However, the overall planetary crust stress levels is maintained at equilibrium levels by the relative movement and repositioning of these tectonic plates, allowing the dissipation of any major stress buildup.

Now based on the above explanation, it should be readily apparent that any localized changes to, or alterations of stress patterns in a given area of the planetary crust will not remain localized but instead will be transmitted through the plates in an attempt to smooth out or dampen these stress changes. If this ‘transmitted’ stress encounters a plate area that is already experiencing increased levels of local stress caused by normal plate movement, then it could conceivably act as a ‘trigger’ causing the release of the built up energy in the form of an earthquake. And depending on the amount of pent up energy released, will determine the magnitude of the resultant earthquake.

The wake up calls

A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

aartynaikusgs.gov,islamnewsroom, ats, huffingtonpost

Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012


THE LASER WAR| Towards Armageddon | BEYOND 2012

North Korea “To Launch Missile Tomorrow”! |North Korea Warns Foreigners To Leave South Korea.

North Korea “To Launch Missile in a day or two “!

The worrying warning came as speculation heightened that North Korea is planning to pull its ambassador out of the UK after a shipping container was pictured outside the London embassy.  Boxes were seen being loaded onto a large lorry parked outside the pariah state’s embassy – an ordinary home in Ealing, west London.Seoul revealed today that foreign nationals in South Korea were told by the North to evacuate in case of a “merciless” war.  “We do not wish harm on foreigners in South Korea should there be a war,” said the KCNA news agency, citing its Korea Asia-Pacific Peace Committee.  “The situation on the Korean Peninsula is inching close to a thermo-nuclear war,” said the statement.  “Once a war is ignited on the peninsula, it will be an all-out war, a merciless, sacred, retaliatory war waged by the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea),” it went on to say.  The remarks come as the communist country has repeatedly said it will turn Seoul and Washington into a “sea of fire” and launch pre-emptive nuclear attacks against its enemies.  South Korean forces have been on high alert for an imminent missile launch by the communist nation, which was seen moving two Musudan missiles to its east coast last week and mounting them on mobile launchers.  Speculation had been building that North Korea could carry out a missile test as early as this week after dictator Kim Jong-un warned he could not “guarantee the safety of foreigners” after April 10.

Kim Jyong with his Generals

Speculation has grown that the North would launch some sort of provocative action this week — perhaps a missile launch or a fresh nuclear weapons test.  A government source in Seoul said a North Korean medium-range missile, reported to have been shunted to the east coast, had been tracked and was believed to be ready for launch.  “Technically, they can launch it as early as tomorrow,” the source said.  But a U.S. embassy official in Seoul said a directive issued last week saying there was no imminent threat to Americans in South Korea remained valid. “Our workers are in all our offices today,” he said. “We have not evacuated anyone.”  A Philippine foreign ministry spokesman quoted diplomats at its Seoul embassy as saying the situation “remains normal and calm”.  Stocks, which had fallen 4 percent over the past four days, edged higher on Tuesday despite the warning to foreigners.

The won currency moved little, dipping slightly after the North Korean statement.  Employers at the Kaesong complex faced uncertainty as the 53,000-strong North Korean workforce stayed away. A spokesman for textile company Taekwang Industrial and at least two other firms said production had stopped.  About 475 South Korean workers and factory managers remain in Kaesong, which generates $2 billion in trade for the impoverished North. The Seoul government said 77 would return on Tuesday.  North Korean workers at the park have appeared increasingly agitated in recent days, refusing to talk to their colleagues.

Many Southerners connected with the park bedded down at budget hotels in a nearby South Korean town in the hope that an order would come from the North to re-open.  “I have been feeling anxious now and then. Now it’s really preposterous facing this,” said Shing Dong-chul, 55, a South Korean worker who transports wire made in Kaesong.  “North Korean workers didn’t talk a lot, but they appeared to have complaints about Kaesong being closed. They worried whether they would be working or not.”  Addressing a cabinet meeting, South Korean President Park Geun-hye described the suspension of Kaesong as “very disappointing” and said investors would now shun the North.  Few experts had expected Pyongyang to jeopardize Kaesong, which employs more than 50,000 North Koreans making household goods for 123 South Korean firms.

Warns The United States Of “Great Losses”| 

U.S. Navy Deploying Laser Weapons 

April 09, 2013

U.S. Navy Deploying Laser Weapon Prototype Near Iran; Iran Lines Up Behind North Korea

The Navy is going to sea for the first time with a laser attack weapon that has been shown in tests to disable patrol boats and blind or destroy surveillance drones. A prototype shipboard laser will be deployed on a converted amphibious transport and docking ship in the Persian Gulf, where Iranian fast-attack boats have harassed American warships and where the government in Tehran is building remotely piloted aircraft carrying surveillance pods and, someday potentially, rockets.

Laser Weapons deployed near Iran by US

The laser will not be operational until next year, but the announcement on Monday by Adm. Jonathan W. Greenert, the chief of naval operations, seemed meant as a warning to Iran not to step up activity in the gulf in the next few months if tensions increase because of sanctions and the impasse in negotiations over the Iranian nuclear program. The Navy released video and still images of the laser weapon burning through a drone during a test firing.

The laser is designed to carry out a graduated scale of missions, from burning through a fast-attack boat or a drone to producing a nonlethal burst to “dazzle” an adversary’s sensors and render them useless without causing any other physical damage.

The Pentagon has a long history of grossly inflating claims for its experimental weapons, but a nonpartisan study for Congress said the weapon offered the Navy historic opportunities.

“Equipping Navy surface ships with lasers could lead to changes in naval tactics, ship design and procurement plans for ship-based weapons, bringing about a technological shift for the Navy — a ‘game changer’ — comparable to the advent of shipboard missiles in the 1950s,” said the assessment, by the Congressional Research Service, a branch of the Library of Congress.

Readying for the laser war

The study found that the new high-energy laser “could provide Navy surface ships with a more cost-effective means of countering certain surface, air and ballistic missile targets.”

Among the limitations, according to the research service, is that lasers are not effective in bad weather because the beam can be disturbed or scattered by water vapor, as well as by smoke, sand and dust. It is also a “line of sight” weapon, meaning that the target has to be visible, so it cannot handle threats over the horizon. And enemies can take countermeasures like coating vessels and drones with reflective surfaces.

Navy officials acknowledge that the first prototype weapon to be deployed is not powerful enough to take on jet fighters or missiles on their approach. That capability is a goal of researchers.

Among the advantages cited in the study for Congress was the low cost — less than $1 per sustained pulse — of using a high-energy laser against certain targets. By comparison, current short-range air-defense interceptor missiles cost up to $1.4 million each.

The laser weapon also has a limitless supply of ammunition — pulses of high energy — so long as the ship can generate electricity. The beam can reach its target at the speed of light and can track fast-moving targets.

Ready to go the laser way

Rear Adm. Matthew L. Klunder, the chief of naval research, said the high-energy laser system was developed as part of the Navy’s search for “new, innovative, disruptive technologies.” In essence, the Navy is trying to harness technological advances in battling adversaries that are thinking of inventive ways to counter American power.

Admiral Klunder said the weapon had destroyed targets in all 12 of its field tests.

The laser prototype cost just under $32 million, officials said. But if the weapon proves itself during its sea trials, and the order is given to buy the laser system for service across the fleet, the price per unit is expected to drop.

Rear Adm. Thomas J. Eccles, the deputy commander for naval systems engineering, said the first laser device would be deployed on the Ponce, which serves as a floating base for military operations and humanitarian assistance in the waters of the Middle East and southwestern Asia.

Laser Attacks

As of now Iran has two navies: a traditional force of large older ships and a rival one run by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps that consists of fast-attack speedboats with high-powered machine guns and crews that employ guerrilla tactics, including swarming perilously close to American warships.

A significant confrontation between the United States and the Revolutionary Guards occurred in 2008, when five of Iran’s armed speedboats made aggressive maneuvers as they approached three American warships in international waters in the Strait of Hormuz. Pentagon officials said the commander of a Navy destroyer was on the verge of issuing an order to fire when the speedboats pulled away; no shots were fired. – NY Times.

WATCH: Laser Weapon System.

Iran Lines Up Behind North Korea, Warns The United States Of “Great Losses”.

Tehran’s intercession in the Korean crisis on the side of its ally in Pyongyang was predictable, even though the US preferrs to ignore the close interrelations between the two allies.   And so, on Friday, April 5, Deputy Chief of Staff of Iran’s Armed Forces Brig. Gen. Masoud Jazayeri stepped forward to point the finger at Washington:  [“The presence of the Americans in [South] Korea has been the root cause of tensions in this sensitive region in the past and present. The US and its allies will suffer great losses if a war breaks out in this region,” he said, adding for good measure: “Independent countries will not submit to the US mischief. The time for Washington’s bullying and extortion is long past.”  debkafile’s Iranian sources: The second part of the statement was a perfect fit for Ayatollah Ali Khamenei’s flat refusal to accept US demands on Iran’s nuclear program. The Korean crisis gave the Iranians the opportunity to kill two birds with one stone. As Kim Jong-Un moved two intermediate missiles to the east coast of North Korea, Gen. Jazayeri’s rhetoric landed on the latest round of talks the six powers were holding with Iran in Amaty, Kazhakstan for a diplomatic resolution of Iran’s nuclear challenge.

Washington hoped to spread some cheer over a diplomatic process that had long past proven futile by planting advance reports that Khamenei had ordered a slowdown of Iran’s nuclear program up to the June presidential election to avoid crossing a red line that would trigger a military response. But when the parties came to the table, Iran’s senior negotiator Saeed Jalili refused outright to respond to the proposals put before Tehran in the previous session. He seemed to have taken his cue from Kim Jong-Un, who too has stuck to his father’s rejectionism in the face of every American proposal for dismantling North Korea’s nuclear program. debkafile: The inevitable convergence of the Korean and Iranian crises confronts America’s three top officials, President Barack Obama, Secretary of State John Kerry and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, with their most challenging international test.  Kerry would be well advised to take a break from his Sisyphean efforts to crack the latest of umpteen Israel-Palestinian disputes, call off his weekend appointments with Israeli and Palestinians leaders and instead fly to Moscow and Beijing. There, he could start bargaining with Russian and Chinese rulers for preliminary understandings with Washington on Iran and Syria that would make it worth their while to use their leverage for bringing the out-of-control North Korean firebrand to heel.  So long as the Obama administration sticks to its current separate policies on Syria and Iran, Iran and Korea, Moscow and Beijing won’t lift a finger to apply the brakes to Kim Jong-Un before he drives the world to catastrophe. – DEBKA.

Japan also deployed missile-defense systems

Japan today deployed missile-defense systems at three sites around Tokyo ahead of the possible missile launch, officials confirmed.  The country’s defense minister has also reportedly put destroyers with missile interception systems on alert in the Sea of Japan.  “As North Korea keeps making provocative comments, Japan, co-operating with relevant countries, will do what we have to do,” Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said today.  “The government is making utmost efforts to protect our people’s lives and ensure their safety,” he added.  Japan’s armed forces are authorised to shoot down any North Korean missile headed towards its territory, a defence ministry spokesman said.  “We are doing all we can to protect the safety of our nation,” chief Cabinet spokesman Yoshihide Suga said, though he and Ministry of Defense officials refused to confirm reports of a naval alert, saying they do not want to “show their cards” to North Korea. Tensions have escalated further after North Korean authorities told embassies in Pyongyang they could not guarantee their safety from Wednesday – after saying conflict was inevitable amid joint U.S.-South Korean military exercises due to last until the end of the month.  However, no diplomats appear to have left the North Korean capital, despite a North Korean general reprotedly warning diplomats at the weekend that the situation remained “grave”.  Earlier today, North Korean labourers failed to turn up for work at a factory complex operated with South Korea, effectively shutting down the last major symbol of cooperation between the hostile neighbours.  Soaring tensions on the peninsula have been fuelled by North Korean anger over the imposition of U.N. sanctions after its last nuclear arms test in February, creating one of the worst crises since the end of the Korean War in 1953. – Express.

Watch Laser shot down

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A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

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Marketing was using Women since long ago..

But “Marketing that uses violence against Women to sell a product”..?

images (12)

Last week, a pair of proposed ads for Ford India — produced by ad company JWT and, allegedly, posted to the Ford website without Ford’s explicit permission — made the internet rounds, provoked outcry, at a time when India is under fire for its treatment and portrayal of women following a series of sexual assaults and subsequently elicited an apology from Ford.

Two proposed Ford India ads — both depicting women bound and gagged in Ford trunks.

Adv 1- made for Ford but was rejected by Ford India

Adv 1- Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi has roped himself three scantily clad women.

The tagline: “Leave your worries behind with Ford Figo’s extra-large boot.

Adv 2- was also rejected by Ford India

Adv 2- Paris Hilton has tied up the Kardashians and stuck them in her boot.

The tagline: “Leave your worries behind with Ford Figo’s extra-large boot.

*The ads were never published commercially.

But the entire concept was mind-bogglingly dumb in this country with a series of horrific incidents of sexual assaults against women.

And they have struck a nerve as India institutes new rules to protect women following a series of high-lighted gang rapes.

Violence against women in India has been all over the news since last December following the horrific gang rape of a young woman who had the audacity to take a bus. She died from her injuries, sparking protests across India. So now when I tell you Ford has had to apologize for ads created by JWT India that depict women tied up in the back of a Ford Figo, you won’t be quite so surprised. The ads never ran, but were picked up when the Internet, always on the lookout for something to be offended about, found them on Ads of the World.

It’s a welcome surprise, then, that the recent Ford India ad provoked so much outrage when earlier ads of its ilk went unnoticed. It just might be an indication that sexist, violent ads like those seen above — while bound to pop up again from time to time — are largely becoming a trend of the past.

For those who say some people are just too sensitive to hilarious cartoon violence against women, let me explain a few things-

(by Katie for buzzfeed):

1) It’s not less violent because it’s a cartoon.

2) It’s not less violent if the violence is perpetrated by another woman.

3) It’s about time people got upset over casual violence toward women, which is all over the place. The sad thing is that it has to be triggered by extreme events for people to notice what’s been there all along.

4) Yes, there are ads that show violence against men (though they’re a lot fewer). No, people are not saying violence against men is acceptable in ads just because they’re saying violence against women is unacceptable.

5) Yes, it’s obviously intended as a joke. But jokes exist in context, and right now, it’s really, really, superbly unfunny. It’s just too bad for Ford that the brand will suffer for ads it didn’t even approve.


Advertising agency that created artwork depicting women tied up in the back of a Ford has fired some of the employees responsible for the images

Ford India said it regretted the incident and called the images “contrary to the standards of professionalism and decency within Ford,” adding, “We deeply regret this incident and agree with our agency partners that it should have never happened.

The Apology

We deeply regret the publishing of posters that were distasteful and contrary to the standards of professionalism and decency within WPP Group. These were never intended for paid publication and should never have been created, let alone uploaded to the internet. This was the result of individuals acting without proper oversight and appropriate actions have been taken within the agency where they work to deal with the situation.

Ford, India

The ads were not approved by Ford, according to Business Insider, adding that the agency made the mock ups and posted them to website Ads of the World without approval. (They have since been removed.)

Ford India ads — both depicting women bound and gagged in Ford trunks — forced an apology from the company, but marketing that uses violence against women to sell a product is hardly new.

Women in fashion ads were frequently tied up

Women in fashion ads were frequently tied up

Excerpts of a nice article written by Katie is given below taken from buzzfeed::
The ads — one depicting former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi at the wheel of a car with three of his so-called “Bunga Bunga girls” bound and gagged in the trunk, the other with Paris Hilton driving another Ford car with the three eldest Kardashian sisters tied up in the back — are offensive, sexist caricatures. They were rightfully prevented from reaching publication, but many, many other ads far more offensive and graphically violent than these — featuring real women, no less — made the pages of fashion magazines and department store windows on a regular basis in the later aughts. Fashion brands in 2005-2010, especially, took the view that there was nothing sexier, apparently, than a well-accessorized abused girl.

Women in fashion ads were frequently tied up:

1. Women tied up

A 2009 ad for Italian clothing company Relish.

A 2009 ad for Italian clothing company Relish.


This 2009 ad for Max shoes comes from Switzerland.

This 2009 ad for Max shoes comes from Switzerland.

3. Women were choked:

A 2008 ad for Duncan Quinn, seller of men's suits.

A 2008 ad for Duncan Quinn, seller of men’s suits.


An ad for Valentino, 2010.

5.Women were held down:

This ~2006 ad for Sisley apparel.


A 2007 ad for Dolce & Gabbana.

A 2007 ad for Dolce & Gabbana.

7. Women even murdered

This spring 2006 advertisement comes from Jimmy Choo.

This spring 2006 advertisement comes from Jimmy Choo.


A Cesare Paciotti shoe ad from ~2005/2006.

A Cesare Paciotti shoe ad from ~2005/2006.


In 2009, Barneys of New York featured this window display but they eventually took it down after complaints.


An ad for Louis Vuitton shoes — endangered women in shoe ads is clearly a trend unto itself.

An ad for Louis Vuitton shoes — endangered women in shoe ads is clearly a trend unto itself.

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

buzzfeed, adweek, fordindia

Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012


The Colorful Festival of Holi, India



Do you remember this.. Holi kab hai.. Kab hai Holi ?

The one of the most popular dialogue of Indian Cinema where the bandit king Gabbar asking for the day of Holi to accomplish his mission on that day.

Well don’t be tensed I will tell you the day of Holi.. I am mentioning this dialogue just because now a days everybody in India used to ask in the same manner and accent.. “Holi kab hai.. Kab hai Holi” .

The roads to India, not complete if you delve cultural attractions.

Holi is a festival of colors, celebrated in India. The festival falls on the last full moon day of Falgun according to Hindu calendar. It is celebrated sometime in the month of March, usually in the latter half of the month. According to mythology, the festival is celebrates the killing Holika, the sister of Hrinyakashyapu. The festival also holds significance with respect to end of winter season and the onset of summer season.

Holi is celebrated every year on the Purnima of Phalgun month. Just a night before Holi, a bonfire is burnt (Holika Dahan). And, on the next day morning itself, people start playing with colors.
In 2013, Holi, the festival of colors will be celebrated on 27th March.

The festival of Holi can be regarded as a celebration of the Colors of Unity & Brotherhood – an opportunity to forget all differences and indulge in unadulterated fun. It has traditionally been celebrated in high spirit without any distinction of cast, creed, color, race, status or sex.

It is one occasion when sprinkling colored powder (‘gulal’) or colored water on each other breaks all barriers of discrimination so that everyone looks the same and universal brotherhood is reaffirmed.

The festival is celebrated in different ways around the country, the Most Famous celebration of Holi Festival takes place in the province of Braj, one being in the city Mathura. That’s where tourists and people around throwing colored powder. Here, the festival lasts for 16 days, and is primarily played with flowers.

Tourists and people around throwing colored powder.

In large parts of India, the festival is celebrated with a lot of colors, water balloons and water guns. Parties are often organized across the length and breadth of the country where people dance to music and greet each other with colors. Sweets are an important part of the festival.

The colorful festival bridges the social gap

Let’s learn more about its history and significance…

Historical elements

There is no comprehensive data to know the origins of the festival. However, Holi as we see it today is believed to have originated in Bengal, where the day was celebrated as Gaudiya Vaishnava festival. In the mythology, festival of Holi started with Barsana’s Holi played by Radha and Lord Krishna.

Besides having a detailed description in the Vedas and Puranas such as Narad Purana and Bhavishya Purana, the festival of Holi finds a mention in Jaimini Mimansa. A stone incription belonging to 300 BC found at Ramgarh in the province of Vindhya has mention of Holikotsav on it. King Harsha, too has mentioned about holikotsav in his work Ratnavali that was written during the 7th century.

The famous Muslim tourist – Albaruni too has mentioned about holikotsav in his historical memories. Then the Mugals, celebrated Holi in their way. In the rule of Mugals, preparation for the festival used to start from many days in advance. Holi celebrated by the Mugals is indicated in many historical books. In which, Akbar, Humayun, Shahjahan, BahadurShah Zafar, where the chief rulers with whom Holi was played.


During the Rule of Akbar, colors where made in huge utensils with natural items. With the making of colors, delicious edibles were also prepared. An environment of joy and color was created. Tansen used to fascinate people with his voice. Something of this type could be seen at the time of Jahangir and Bahadur Shah Zafar. Such type of days used to give normal people an opportunity to go near the emperors and meet them. Other Muslim writers of that period have mentioned, that holikotsav were not only celebrated by the Hindus but also by the Muslims.

Religious element

The religious element in the Holi festival is the worship of Krishna. In some places it is also called the Dol Yatra. The word ‘dol’ Literally means “a swing”. An image of Krishna as a babe is Placed in a little swingcradle, and decorated with flowers and painted with coloured powders. The innocent frolics of little Krishna with the merry milkmaids (‘Gopis’) of Brindavan are commemorated. Religious people chant the name of Krishna and sing Holi-songs relating to the frolics of little Krishna with the Gopis.
The social element in Holi is the uniting or “embracing” of the great and the small, of the rich and the poor, and also amongst the equals. The festival teaches us to “let the dead bury the dead”. Forget the outgoing years ill-feeling and begin the New Year with love, sympathy, co-operation and equality with all. Try to feel this oneness a unity with the Self also.
Holi also means “sacrifice”. Burn all the impurities of the mind such as egoism vanity, lust, etc., through the fire of devotion and knowledge.. Ignite cosmic love, mercy, generosity, selflessness, truthfulness and purity through the fire of Yogic practice. This is the real spirit of Holi. Get up from the mire of stupidity and absurdity and dive deep into the ocean of divinity.
The call of Holi is to keep always the blaze of God-love shining in your heart. Inner spiritual illumination is real Holi. The spring season is the manifestation of the Lord, according to the Bhagavad Gita. Holi is there said to be His heart.

Mythology element

Interesting legends of Holi that are most commonly cited revolve around the soul bond of Lord Krishna and Radha, Prahlad, the child-devotee of Lord Vishnu, Kamdeva, the Indian Cupid-God and Dhundhi, the immortal ogress. All these legends focus on different aspects of Holi that can be attributed to them.

Bhakt Prahlad Holika
There was a mighty demon king named Hirnakashyipu who had won all the three worlds of heaven, earth and hell and had thus, become very proud. He assumed that he could defeat even Lord Vishnu with his valor. He went to the extent that he had enforced a law that everybody would worship him instead of gods and deities. However, his little son Prahlad refused to accept his commands and continued to worship Lord Vishnu with complete devotion. Infuriated by this defiance of his son, he ordered his soldiers to throw him down a hill. Praying fervently and having full faith in Lord Vishnu, Prahlad did not retract from his word. True to his faith, Lord Vishnu rescued him at the last moment.

Invincible Dhundhi
During the reign of Prithu, there was a terrible ogress called Dhundhi, who loved to devour innocent children. She had performed severe penances and had won several boons from the deities that made her almost invincible. However, due to a curse of Lord Shiva, she was not so immune to the pranks and abuses of young boys as she was to weapons and arrows. One day, the courageous boys of the village decided to get rid of her forever and chase her away from the village forever. They got intoxicated on bhaang and drunk and then followed Dhundi to the limits of the village, beating drums, making loud noise, shouting obscenities and hurling insults at her and continued doing this until she left the village for good. This is the reason that even today young boys are allowed to indulge themselves in rowdiness, using rude words and intoxication on Holi.

Love Play of Radha Krishna
Lord Krishna has often been portrayed as a naughty prankster in his childhood and a lover-boy in his youth. His beloved Radha and the cowherd girls ‘Gopis’ in general loved him even more for his pranks and eve teasing. The Holi of Braj is famous all over India for its intimate connection with the divine deities and their love plays. It is said that when Krishna was a young boy, he asked the reason for his dark color while Radha was so fair. His mother Yashoda playfully suggested that he should smear color on Radha’s face too and change her complexion to any color he wanted. Captivated by the idea, Krishna proceeded to do so and thus, introduced the play of colors on Holi.

Sacrifice of Kamadeva
According to Hindu mythology, the world is looked after the Trinity of Gods – Lord Brahma, the creator; Lord Vishnu, the nurturer; and Lord Shiva, the destroyer. According to a legend, Goddess Sati, the daughter of Daksha Prajapati, one of the first sons of Lord Brahma, married Lord Shiva against the wishes of her father. Thus, Daksha did not invite her and her husband to a grand yagya arranged by him. When Sati came to know about the event in her father’s house, she thought it to be a slip of mind and proceeded to participate in the event despite the warnings of her husband. But once she reached there, she realized her fault and was infuriated by the insult of her husband. As a penance for her disobedience, she entered the fire. When Lord Shiva came to know of her sudden demise, he was furious. Even after he controlled his anger, he started a severe meditation and renounced all work.

Holi: Around the world

Kiwis to celebrate festival of Holi as ‘Race Relations Day‘

The Hindu Council of New Zealand has introduced the Hindu festival of Holi to the Rotorua community celebrating it as “Race Relations Day” to commemorate the International Day for the elimination of Racial Discrimination. In New Zealand, the ‘Holi festival’ is celebrated by both Hindu and Rotorua communities since 2010.

In Rotorua the official festival will start at 2.00 pm on 27 march at Western Heights High School’s top field. Here people will get an opportunity to indulge in customary revelry with coloured powder and water.

Chapman University, Orange County U.S

Chapman University celebrates Holi, Hindu Festival of Color

Chapman University celebrated Holi, the Hindu Festival Of Color, Wednesday on Memorial Lawn. About 300 students launched colored powder into the air and at each over for an energizing afternoon celebrating the Indian celebration of spring. The festivity was organized by the University Program Board and The Diversity and Equity Initiative.


About 300 Chapman University students turned the lawn in front of Memorial Hall into a circus of vibrant colors.The event has been organized for years at the campus by student groups.


In USA, religious organizations and societies take the responsibility of organizing the festival. Musical programs and meets are conducted to fill the air with the spirit of India. New York is completely dabbled by the colorful waters. Holi is marked by parades and attended by Indians, rejoicing, playing with colors in the midst.

South Africa

South Africa has a number of Indian migrants and non-residents, Gujarati folk and people from other regions in India. Their portrayal of Holi, celebrating the triumph of good against evil, heartens the citizens and brings a smile to their faces.

With almost one million of the South African population comprising of Indians, the spirit of Holi is widespread and regarded as a means to bring together communities by having fun and to resolve conflicts with good nature.

United Kingdom

In UK, the revelry of Holi is seen profoundly at places with a large congregation of Indians. The British city of Leicester is particularly known for its love for celebrating Indian festivals.

Indians constitute the second highest minority of foreign origin in the United Kingdom. Zealous celebrations with marked reach are seen throughout the country during Holi as they celebrate their culture in large congregations.The English people too do not hesitate to partake in the fun as they enjoy this festival of colour.

Trinidad and Tobago

Just as the Caribbean was historically mistaken as India, one wouldn’t go amiss to do the same if the Holi festivities were witnessed there today. In particular, Trinidad and Tobago, the twin islands whose first instances of Indian presence was in 1845, when Bihari migrants were employed to maintain sugarcane fields. Initially, Hindus celebrated it rather quietly due to the numerous outdated limitations.


The beautiful tropical country of Mauritius holds an enthusiastic populace, 63% of which are Indians. Marking the onset of spring, Holi shows nature dressed in its best, while flowers and fields flourish exuberantly. Playing with colours, enjoying traditional sweets, the people enjoy it as a national holiday.


A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

thecolorsofindiaaryabhattjustthetravel, ocregister

Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012


Indian Women’s

Women’s Day

It is needed as a movement in India

The United Nations General Assembly,celebrates International Women’s Day to recognize that peace and social progress require the active participation and equality of women, and to acknowledge the contribution of women to international peace and security.

In recent decades, much progress has been made. On a worldwide level, women’s access to education and proper health care has increased; their participation in the paid labor force has grown; and legislation that promises equal opportunities for women and respect for their human rights has been adopted in many countries. The world now has an ever- growing number of women participating in society as policy-makers.

But there is a place in the world called ‘India” where women can never claim to have all the same rights and opportunities as men in fact not even as women’s of some other developing country.

Freedom is now just a terminology for Women’s of India to write essays and to debate in seminars and talk shows. The reality: The Indian Women’s freedom have shrunk to the level of Medieval age.

Despite of so many assurances by the government for the safety of women and to support their rights, Nothing changed and nothing is changing in this country.. Indian Women’s know not what women’s day means for them a Celebration or a day to think about their plight in this country?

An analysis of figures shows that Delhi witnessed four rapes a day in the capital during this period while the average for 2012 was around two. In 2012, the Delhi Police Annual Report said that 706 rape cases were reported.

The Capital city witnessed a total of 181 rapes between January one and February 15, Minister of State for Home Affairs Mullappally Ramachandran told in Parliament.

Across the nation, a woman is raped every 20 minutes, according to the National Crime Records Bureau. These frightening figures have risen steadily in recent years: in 2010, 24,206 rapes were reported, an almost 10% increase over 2001.

But you will be surprised to know that it is not the culprits who are suffering instead it is the women who is to bear the burnt.. their freedom snatched, movements blocked.. even in female-centric institutions girls have to held impassioned discussion of the infraction of their personal freedom.

Girl students’ day-to-day freedoms have also shrunk since the rape cases in many parts of the country. Curfew for students living in campus dormitories has been brought forward an hour to 9:30 p.m., and girls are now required to seek permission from the college administration before going out with friends and provide details of the friends they are going out with. These measures, the girls were unanimous in saying that it pose a serious threat to their personal freedom. “Every time incidents of sexual assault or molestation happen in any part of the country, we girls face more and more restrictions,” one student said during the discussion. “Why should we pay for the crimes men commit? Lock the men up. We are not the culprits!”

but in the labyrinth of India’s complicated patriarchy, women are not just victims but scapegoats. Every time there is a rape knee-jerk reactions from family members and political leaders alike place the onus on women by imposing restrictions on the way they move and how they dress. Indian media recently reported that the government of the northern state of Uttarakhand passed an order stopping women from working after 6 p.m. in both private and government jobs. The regressive edict, conceived by the state government as a way to curb crimes against women.

It was not an isolated transgression. Earlier, Delhi police had issued a list of dos and don’ts for women in the capital to stay safe, including not boarding empty buses and going straight home after school or college. The government of the union territory of Puducherry came up with the bizarre solution of putting girls in overcoats.

These wayward diktats, have made many worried that the freedom of Indian women is on the line. “It’s not just fear about safety. It is an excuse to impose lots of patriarchal strictures.

Women, too, are imposing stricter limits on themselves. Many women say they have started dressing more conservatively in response to a society that has repeatedly advised them to be invisible in order to be safe from sexual predators. “Whatever 10 steps we had advanced, this incident has put us back by at least 20 more steps,” says Tulip, a 27-year-old publishing professional who lives in New Delhi. Tulip, who has led a blithe life in the capital for the past couple of years, sharing a flat with a few other girlfriends, says she suddenly feels trapped. Her parents, who live in the Himalayan town of Dehradun, get frazzled when she goes out in the evenings. On their advice, Tulip has taken to dressing more plainly so as not to attract undue attention.

Many activists believe it is this assertion of freedom at home that prompted such a tremendous social reaction in the public sphere. “I don’t think that all the reaction was due to the fear of sexual violence,”

“The reaction is also to the assertion of freedom. When a woman starts demanding freedom and rights, that’s where the discomfort begins.”

“One section of society will certainly ask for more restrictions,” says social activist Aruna Roy.

 The wait is endless.. Women’s of India desperately seeking freedom.


Indian Woman

Indian Woman

Have an idea what a woman thinks and feel in this country

“Let there be no mothers..

Let there be no wives..

Let there be no daughters..

And there will be no crimes.”

A student of Indraprastha women’s College, New Delhi Anubha Sharma wrote the poem, out of frustration after a long argument with her father on the parameters of safety for women.

Reasons: Unlimited ..Take for instance delhi gang rape

On December 16 2012 in New Delhi, at around 9.30 p.m., a 23-year-old woman was gang raped for almost an hour on a moving bus and then thrown semi-naked on the road to die. After battling with severe internal injuries, the woman died on 29 Dec, Saturday morning from organ failure, in a hospital in Singapore.

By Saturday evening, more than 1,000 candles glowed at a somber scene in a central Delhi park as India mourned the death of the young woman whose gang rape last December shocked the country.

Hideous violence against women is nothing new in India, but this particular outrage has caused widespread anger. Perhaps it was the casual ferocity of it. Or the fact that it took place on some of the teeming capital’s busiest streets. Or perhaps a nation at great pains to modernize is finding it hard to stomach what feels like an increasingly predatory sexual culture.

“The incident has raised the issue of declining public confidence in the law and order machinery in the city,” a National Human Rights Commission statement said, “… Especially, in its capacity to ensure safety of women as a number of such incidents have been reported in the national capital in the recent past.” Indeed, the rape of the 23-year-old  is just another horror in a grim litany of Indian sexual violence. There were 17 cases of rape reported in the state of Haryana, which borders much of Delhi, in October alone.  The number of unreported rapes is without a doubt greater.

Compounding the problem is the fact that many still view rape as personal shame, not a violent crime, and male aggression is routinely excused as a mundane fact of life. After Haryana’s 17 rape cases in October, some informal village councils (termed: khap panchayats), suggested that girls should be married off early to prevent sexual violence.

Shockingly, the state’s former chief minister, Om Prakash Chautala, endorsed the bizarre and archaic diktat.
“In the Mughal era, people used to marry their girls to save them from Mughal atrocities, and currently a similar situation is arising in the state,” he said. I think that’s the reason why khap panchyat’ has taken such a decision and I support it.”

Experts say blaming survivors of sexual assault is common in India. Rather than prosecute perpetrators, many say the fault belongs to rape survivors, who are shamed for, say, daring to walk alone, taking public transportation or wearing certain clothes. “Blaming the victim has been in some way also part of the larger design of the system, where you want to push the women to say they are responsible for what happens to them.”

Member of the National Mission for Empowerment of Women ‘Ranjana Kumari’ said that “It is like saying men are not responsible but it is the women who lured them into this.” She adds “This environment, sadly, is not seen as enabling women and making them strong but rather seen as reasons for such attacks.”

What she told is the truest situation in India, even in this particular case The woman and a male friend after watching a film were on a bus in New Delhi, where the culprits began by harassing the woman for simply being out with her boyfriend at night, then they tried to exploit her physically and after facing the retaliation they proceeded to beat her friend with an iron rod.

Likewise cases of rapes in Bombay a few years ago also marked by the same public anger, at that time the point of  debate was not the justice and safety but the late Night parties, Dance Bars and Pubs, above all Late Mr. Bal Thackrey reasoned the girls wearing jeans & Mini’s as the cause of provocation that subsequently resulting in the rapes.

The outcome “The Uniform Dress Code” even for the students of College & University levels through out the Country (such a great solution).

Leave it..Today we are in 2013.. Now What?


Oh come on.. Don’t expect anything new in India..Or Bharat.. Na.. nah.. This is India and We are going towards Bharat. Till then keep listening what Bhartiya Politicians & Intellectuals used to say and think about Indian Women and about Delhi Gang rape Incident:

JAN 07 2012– A Self-proclaimed Godman from Ahmedabad “Asaram Bapu“:

Only five to six people are not the culprits. The victim is as guilty as her rapists. She should have called the culprits brothers and begged before them to stop. This could have saved her dignity and life. Can one hand clap? I don’t think so.” “Had she recited the Saraswati mantra, she would not have boarded any bus after watching a movie with her boyfriend,” the godman said.

The so-called guru, had said that the victim of the Delhi gang-rape could have saved herself by addressing her violators as bhaiyya (big brother) and beseeching for mercy.

DEC 29 2012– Dr. Anita Shukla, Secretary of Lions Club and an agricultural scientist by profession:

The victim should have surrendered when surrounded by six men, at least it could have saved her intestines’. Further ‘Women instigate men to commit such crimes’. She accused the victim of being insensible as she was out of her house after 10 pm. Shukla claimed that if a girl wanders late at night with her boyfriend; such situations are bound to happen.

DEC 30 2012– Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh chief  Mohan Bhagwat.

Mohan Bhagwat once again kicked up a controversy by saying that women must restrict themselves to household work. In a speech in Indore, Bhagwat said that “a husband and a wife are bound by a social contract where the wife has to take care of the household chores and the husband’s duty is to earn for the house and protect his wife”.

Bhagwat said “that rapes happened in cities and not in the rural areas. “Such crimes (rapes) hardly take place in Bharat, but they frequently occur in India,” Bhagwat had said indicating that “westernisation” in Indian cities was the reason behind increasing cases of rapes.

JAN 08 2013– Samajwadi party leader “Abu Azmi“.

“Women should not go out with men other than relatives and agreed with RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat’s view that most rapes take place in cities and not villages.

What is the need for roaming at night with men who are not relatives? This should be stopped, Such incidents (like the Delhi gang rape) happen due to influence of western culture, rape cases are on the rise due to women wearing less clothes.  Azmi agreed with RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat’s statement on Bharat-India divide when it comes incidents of rape and that rape is a phenomenon that happens in cities and not in villages.

Azmi said I am 100 per cent of the opinion that there should be a legislation to prevent outraging modesty of women.

He said  “if a girl goes with her consent with him (boy friend) to a hotel and does not complain, then it is not an issue. But if the same girl goes with the boy to the hotel and no one knows what happens inside and if the girl comes out and complains, he would be hanged.

November 24, 2012-Khap panchayat Satish Tyagi

The Baliyan council in northern India has banned unmarried women from carrying mobile telephones to halt a series of illicit romances between partners from different castes.

The local council in UP  state decided to act after at least 23 young couples ran away and got married over the last few years against their parents’ wishes. “The panchayat (Council) was convinced that the couples planned their elopement over their cell phones,”

He said “All parents were told to ensure their unmarried daughters do not use cell phones. The boys can do so, but under their parents’ monitoring”.

The rules of inter-caste marriages are complicated and extremely rigid in many rural communities in India, with some lovers even murdered in “honour killings” by relatives trying to protect their family’s reputation.

February 03, 2013: Kashmir’s Grand Mufti, Bashir-u-Din Ahmad

The top Muslim cleric in India-administered Kashmir announced a decree banning the region’s only all-girl rock band from performing

Issued fatwa against the valley’s only all-girl rock band ‘Pragaash. and said “he has told girls of the band that music is not good for society and they should inculcate “better values” in themselves, “Girls and women folk can change the outlook of the society. But when girls indulge in indecency, immorality and are chained in the clutches of music and singing, it is unfortunate for the society.”

Although the chief minister Omar Abdullah came forward in favor of the girls but at the end the girl band had to quit after the fatwa issued against them.

Women calling for Justice

The above statements are appalling and It is these people who are responsible in society for creating misogynist values. Many Social and Women Activists reacted angrily, still such remarks are heard regularly, Women’s demanded that such people should be socially boycotted.

AIDWA’s Sudha Sundaraman condemned these statements terming them as injustice of the worst kind and advocating strong punishment against leaders making irresponsible statements.  “The statements made are highly objectionable, regressive and anti-women. Such people should be called to question. This is further victimization of the victim and deeply insulting to women.”

The strong sentiment was echoed by the Centre for Social Research’s Ranjana Kumari who said that such “irresponsible and ridiculous statements were responsible for encouraging rapists.”

Activist lawyer Vrinda Grover was also ourtaged and said “These people represented those who were scared of women empowerment. “What they want is that women must beg for her life and not fight back.

she adds “reports said that the Delhi gang rape victim expressed a will to live. That is a huge paradigm shift from those victims of sexual assault who would like to kill themselves out of shame. People like Mohan Bhagwat, Asharam Bapu etc are scared that women are now asserting themselves.

What Reasons.. ?

So many.. literally so many.. The Washington Post published a very good article over the same topic of discussion, the extracts are given below for you…

10 Reasons why India has a sexual violence problem ?

The case of a 23-year-old medical student who died Saturday after a brutal gang rape on a bus in New Delhi has seemed to snap India to attention about its endemic sexual violence problem. Hundreds of Indians poured into the streets of New Delhi to mourn the young woman, and police announced that the six men arrested in connection with the attack had been charged with murder.

In recent years, New Delhi has earned the title of “rape capital” of India, with more than 560 cases of rape reported in the city, but violence against Indian women is widespread and has deep roots. Here’s a look at some of the reasons behind the issue that’s bringing Indians into the streets:

1. Few female police: Studies show that women are more likely to report sex crimes if female police officers are available. India has historically had a much lower percentage of female police officers than other Asian countries. In New Delhi, just 7 percent of police officers are women, and they are frequently given inconsequential posts that don’t involve patrol duty, according to the Times of India. Of the 161 district police stations in Delhi, only one has a female station house officer.

When women do report rape charges to male police, they are frequently demeaned:

“The police refused to file a complaint. Instead, they asked my sister such vulgar details, it was as if she was being raped all over again,” Charanjit Kaur, the sister of another recent rape victim who committed suicide, told The Washington Post. “There was no lady police officer, they were all men. My sister cried in front of them and kept asking, ‘Would you still ask such questions if I were your daughter?’

As a result of the gang-rape incident, Delhi Police said they will launch a special effort to recruit more women.

2. Not enough police in general: There aren’t enough police dedicated to protecting ordinary citizens, rather than elites, a Brookings article argues, and the officers that are available often lack basic evidence-gathering and investigative training and equipment:

Delhi, for example, is home to one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world with some 84,000 officers. But only one-third are involved in any kind of actual “policing” at any given time, while the rest provide protection services to various politicians, senior bureaucrats, diplomats and other elites. According to the Times of India there is one officer for every 200 citizens and about 20 officers for every VIP. Many of those who do perform police duties can be found shaking down motorists, participating in protection rackets and simply looking the other way as crimes take place.

3. Blaming provocative clothing: There’s a tendency to assume the victims of sexual violence somehow brought it on themselves. In a 1996 survey of judges in India, 68 percent of the respondents said that provocative clothing is an invitation to rape. In response to the recent gang-rape incident, a legislator in Rajasthan suggested banning skirts as a uniform for girls in private schools, citing it as the reason for increased cases of sexual harassment.

4. Acceptance of domestic violence: The Reuters TrustLaw group named India one of the worst countries in the world for women this year, in part because domestic violence there is often seen as deserved. A 2012 report by UNICEF found that 57 percent of Indian boys and 53 percent of girls between the ages of 15 and 19 think wife-beating is justified. A recent national family-health survey also reported that a sizable percentage of women blame themselves for beatings by their husbands.

“When a boy grows up seeing his father assault his mother, he starts to accept such a behavior and repeats it,” Anuradha Gupta, mission director for India’s National Rural Health Mission, was quoted as saying.

5. A lack of public safety: Women generally aren’t protected outside their homes. The gang rape occurred on a bus, and even Indian authorities say that the country’s public places can be unsafe for women. Many streets are poorly lit, and there’s a lack of women’s toilets, a Women and Child Development Ministry report said recently.

Women who drink, smoke or go to pubs are widely seen in Indian socirty as morally loose, and village clan councils have blamed a rise in women talking on cellphones and going to the bazaar for an increase in the incidence of rape.

6. Stigmatizing the victim: When verbal harassment or groping do occur in public areas, bystanders frequently look the other way rather than intervene, both to avoid a conflict and because they — on some level — blame the victim, observers say. Male politicians contribute to the problem, making statements that make light of rape or vilify rape victims’ supporters.

One regional policymaker, Anisur Rahman, recently asked a female minister what “her fee” would be for getting raped. The son of India’s president also recently apologized after calling those protesting against the Delhi gang rape “highly dented and painted” women, who go “from discos to demonstrations,” the AP reported.


7. Encouraging rape victims to compromise: In a recent separate rape case, a 17-year-old Indian girl who was allegedly gang-raped killed herself after police pressured her to drop the case and marry one of her attackers.

Rape victims are often encouraged by village elders and clan councils to “compromise” with the family of accused and drop charges — or even to  marry the attacker. Such compromises are aimed at keeping the peace between families or clan groups. What’s more, a girl’s eventual prospects of marriage are thought to be more important than bringing a rapist to justice.

8. A sluggish court system: India’s court system is painfully slow, in part because of a shortage of judges. The country has about 15 judges for every 1 million people, while China has 159. A Delhi high court judge once estimated it would take 466 years to get through the backlog in the capital alone.

9. Few convictions: For rapes that do get reported, India’s conviction rate is no more than 26 percent. There is also no law on the books covering routine daily sexual harassment, which is euphemistically called “eve-teasing.” The passing of a proposed new sexual assault law has been delayed for seven years.

10. Low status of women: Perhaps the biggest issue, though, is women’s overall lower status in Indian society. For poor families, the need to pay a marriage dowry can make daughters a burden. India has one of the lowest female-to-male population ratios in the world because of sex-selective abortion and female infanticide. Throughout their lives, sons are fed better than their sisters, are more likely to be sent to school and have brighter career prospects.

In recent days, Indian politicians have put forward a slew of potential remedies for India’s sexual violence problem. But it’s worth noting that it will be hard to end discrimination against women at police stations when it starts in the crib.

Above article written by O Khan and Laxmi for Washington Post

Delhi police stand guard in front of a barricade to stop from approaching a barricade on their way to India Gate

Delhi police stand guard in front of a barricade to stop from approaching a barricade on their way to India Gate

The government has promised to step up and take vigilant and preventive measures including: night patrols, supervision and checks on public and private bus drivers and their assistants, and the banning of vehicles with tinted windows or curtains.

The Delhi government has set a committee for speeding up trials of sexual assault cases on women. Another committee has been appointed to examine the lapses that led to the recent incident in the city.

New Delhi, a city of 16 million people, has long been called the “rape capital of India”.

About 45 cases of rape and 75 cases of sexual molestation were reported to police within the two weeks after the brutal gang rape attack on the physiotherapy student on December 16 2013.

Indian police force is still relaxed despite of their constant failure in checking the mounting crime against women.. don’t think it is a vague expression, hear it yourself what the Delhi police commissioner Neeraj Kumar told ““The rate of conviction in rapes in Delhi is much higher than the national rate,” that’s it, Now do you expect anything else.

The Indian government has appointed a three-member panel of legal experts to review the rape laws.

And in the meantime “The cycle of Sexual violence will continue in India..

images (10)

Excerpts of 


Go through a few lines of the coming safety bill and forwarded drafts of police.. We will publish the complete bill by the month end..

— TAKING NOTE of the fact that the present civil and penal laws in India do not adequately provide for specific protection of women from sexual harassment and that enactment of such legislation will take considerable time.It is necessary and expedient for responsible persons or institutions to observe certain guidelines to ensure the prevention of sexual harassment of women.

The Guidelines for Female Citizens of India“..

1. Women’s should not be allowed to wear Rompers, Skinny Jeans, Shorts and Mini skirts “that are no more then two inches above the knee. Every educational institute, Fitness centres, Restaurants must display a warning board outside the educational school/ college/ institute/ university stating that “Wearing and Sale of Thongs, Torn jeans, Sleeveless Tee’s and other Sexy outfits in an area within a radius of one hundred yards of the educational institution is strictly prohibited.”

2. All the Shopping malls, Dealers, Retailers must add a one liner in their ads stating that ”Girls can’t wear body shape Clothes, Body fitting Jeans, Sleeveless Tee’s”

All the Shopping malls, Distributors, Dealers and Retailers of Apparels must withdraw the specified wardrobes  within 15 days of issue of this guideline, Non compliance will cause legal charges or  all stocks will be ceased).

3. Girls seen with boys other than relatives or brothers will have to pay a penalty of Rs.100, on the second offend the ‘woman or girl’ draws a fine of”Rs.500 and the third offender may be slapped with a fine of Rs.1000 with Two hours imprisonment imposed. The offence is Cognizabe, bailable, non-compoundable and triable by any Magis­trate.

Repeat offender will lose the rights to lodge F.I.R against sexual harassment.

4. BAN Night Show Movies: Girls won’t be allowed to watch night show movies in Cinema Hall.

No Cinema Halls/Multiplex can sell Night shows tickets to any female person whether less than 18 years of age or above.

As a minimum, all Cinema Halls/Multiplex must display a board of minimum size of sixty centimetres by thirty centimetres at conspicuous place(s) containing the warning “Sales of Night show tickets to a female person is a punishable offence”, in Indian language(s), as applicable.

 Any Cinema Halls/Multiplex found guilty of offence will draws a fine of Rs.2000 with one year of imprisonment  of either description for first offenders(Person In-charge) repeat offender may be slapped with Rs.10,000 and five years imprisonment imposed or have their license cancelled.

5. If the problems persist than mobile handsets should not be given to girls between 16 to 25 yrs of age.

6. If these solutions fail than the best idea will be the introduction of  “The Compulsory Marriage Act” i.e. to marry the girls right after their intermediate level Board Exams.

7. And it will be made compulsory to furnish the Marriage Certificates by Female Candidates at the time of admission to College levels, And all Certificates in original is to be produced at the time of admission, unless they won’t be admitted to any course except Distance Learning programs.

8. Women should have reasonable grounds to believe that she is disadvantaged in connection with her Safety.

9. The Central/State Governments are requested to consider adopting suitable measures including legislation to ensure that the guidelines laid down by this order are also observed by the local administration.

10. It shall be the duty of the employer or other responsible persons in Industrial sectors, Hospitality and work places or other institutions to prevent or deter the commission of acts of sexual violence or harassment and to provide the procedures for the resolution, settlement or prosecution of acts, of sexual harassment by taking all steps required.

The complete “Women’s safety bill”: COMING SOON 

TrustLaw, an organization that provides legal aid and information on women’s rights, set out to determine which countries were the most dangerous for women.

Why dedicate a day exclusively to the celebration of the world’s women? 

A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data


Creative Commons Copyright© Shanepedia 2012



International Women’s Day

Around the world, International Women’s Day marks a celebration of the economic, social, cultural and political achievements of women. The growing international women’s movement has helped make International Women’s Day a special day for promoting women’s rights and participation in political and economic processes.  It is a time to reflect on the progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women’s rights.

The Welsh Government is making funding available through the Women’s Equality Network Wales (WENWales) for events in celebration of International Women’s Day 2013.  Your organisation is invited to submit an application for funding from this grant.  The theme for International Women’s Day 2013 in Wales will be:

Visible Women: Empowering girls and women in Wales

For more information and application forms go to:

International Women’s Day 2013.

Read why Women’s day on shanepedia

Why dedicate a day exclusively to the celebration of the world’s women?

Plight of Women

The five most dangerous countries for women

TrustLaw, an organization that provides legal aid and information on women’s rights, set out to determine which countries were the most dangerous for women.

images (6)


Gender experts cite maternal mortality rates, a high prevalence of rape, female genital mutilation, and child marriage as just a few of the dangers facing Somali women. In addition, women face the same issues men deal with: no rule of law, the prevalence of violence, and inadequate education and healthcare.

TrustLaw reports that 95 percent of Somali women were subject to female genital mutilation, typically between the young ages of four and 11. The practice was once banned, and people were punished for flouting the ban – but as the country deteriorated into lawlessness, the practice picked back up.

Somali women’s minister Maryan Qasim told TrustLaw that women there face so many risks that she was surprised the country was not first on the list.

“The most dangerous thing a woman in Somalia can do is to become pregnant. When a woman becomes pregnant her life is 50-50 because there is no antenatal care at all. There are no hospitals, no healthcare, no nothing.

“Add to that the rape cases that happen on a daily basis, the female genital mutilation that is being done to every single girl in Somalia. Add to that the famine and the drought. Add to that the fighting (which means) you can die any minute, any day.”


India has an increasingly modern image and a history of electing female politicians to high office. But the world’s largest democracy is also the fourth most dangerous country in the world for women, according to TrustLaw.

Top issues for women are female feticide (selective abortion and infanticide), child marriage, women trafficking, and domestic servitude.

The problem of selective abortion has received significant attention lately for the way it is likely to skew the makeup of India’s future population – in 2009, only 914 girls were born for every 1,000 boys nationwide, according to a report from The Christian Science Monitor. The government has taken to offering towns financial rewards for managing to reverse the trend.

Former Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta estimates that 100 million people, mostly females, are involved in trafficking in the country – not just sex trafficking, but also forced labor and marriage. About 45 percent of girls are married before they turn 18. India registered the highest trafficking risk among the countries in the poll, according to TrustLaw.


Deeply entrenched cultural, tribal, and religious norms are at the root of the risks posed to Pakistani women. Child marriage and forced marriage are a threat. Women who defy expectations have faced acid attacks as well as punishment by stoning, gender experts told TrustLaw.

Indeed, more than 1,000 females die in honor killings every year, Pakistan’s Human Rights Commission reports, and 90 percent of women are victims of domestic violence at some point. There is no such thing as marital rape in Pakistani law; five of the six men convicted in a high-profile gang rape case were acquitted earlier this year.

“Pakistani women are left with little, if any, protection from violence and discrimination,” said Noreen Haider, chairperson of the Madadgar Trust for Research and Development in Pakistan, to TrustLaw.

“In addition to Pakistani laws being discriminatory, the judicial system condones and exacerbates the problem by failing to view violence against women as a serious violation of women’s human rights.”


Congo made headlines in May when a report produced alarming statistics: From 2006-07, rape occurred in Congo at a rate equal to 48 rapes an hour (420,000 rapes a year). Its sexual violence record earned Congo second place among the world’s most dangerous countries for women, and it registered as the most dangerous for sexual violence among the top countries, according to TrustLaw.

While the use of rape as a weapon of war in Congo receives significant attention, 22.5 percent of women there were the victims of sexual violence at the hands of their husbands or partners, according to the report – meaning that the problem will not disappear with the soldiers.

“Rape is becoming part of the culture,” said Michael Van Rooyen, the director of Harvard‘s Humanitarian Initiative and one of the foremost experts on rape in the Congo.

That was one of my takeaways from my time there in 2009.

The desensitization to sexual violence that the war there has wrought was made all too clear when one husband told me why he kicked his wife out of the house after she had been raped: Other men would laugh at him for having a “defiled” wife.


Although the conditions for women have improved since Taliban rule was toppled, Afghan women still face many risks. The country topped the poll for the health risks, nonsexual violence, and economic discrimination that confront Afghan women. It’s unclear whether any gains made for women’s rights will be sustained when the US leaves in the next couple of years.

Ongoing conflict, NATO airstrikes and cultural practices combined make Afghanistan a very dangerous place for women,” said Clementina Cantoni, a Pakistan-based aid worker with ECHO, theEuropean Commission‘s humanitarian aid department.

“In addition, women who do attempt to speak out or take on public roles that challenge ingrained gender stereotypes of what’s acceptable for women to do or not, such as working as policewomen or news broadcasters, are often intimidated or killed.”

TrustLaw reports that women have a 1 in 11 chance of dying in childbirth and 87 percent of women are illiterate. The problems faced by women are compounded by violence, corruption, and poverty. And while the country has made efforts to include women in politics, partially via a quota for female members of parliament, their ability to work and their personal lives are still tightly controlled by their families and husbands, as well as by cultural norms.

Now something to smile and feel good for women’s.

Women as Inventors

1903: Mary Anderson – Windshield Wipers

1908: Melitta Bentz – Coffee Filter

1917: Ida Forbes – Water Heater

1937: Ruth Wakefield – Chocolate Chip Cookie

1966: Stephanie Kwolek – Kevlar and, and, and…

Also read an Hollywood actress Haidy Lamarr’s invention..on shanepedia
A Shanepedia Compilation

A Shanepedia Compilation



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data


Creative Commons Copyright © Shanepedia 2012